Child labour refers to the employment of children in work that deprives them of their childhood, interferes with their ability to attend regular schools, and is mentally, physically, socially, or morally harmful. Its effects are widespread and detrimental, impacting both the individual child and society.

  1. Health Impact: Children engaged in labour often face hazardous conditions, leading to physical and mental health issues. Long hours, exposure to harmful substances, and lack of proper nutrition contribute to developmental problems.
  2. Education Disruption: Child labour deprives children of the opportunity for education, perpetuating a cycle of poverty. Lack of education limits future opportunities, hindering personal and societal development.
  3. Cycle of Poverty: Child labour is often a result of poverty, but it also perpetuates it. Without education, children are less likely to escape poverty, creating a cycle that persists across generations.
  4. Social Development: Children engaged in labour miss out on social interactions and the chance to develop essential social skills. This can lead to difficulties in forming relationships and adapting to society later in life.
  5. Exploitation: Many child labourers face exploitation, with little to no job security, low wages, and harsh working conditions. They are vulnerable to abuse and are often unable to voice their concerns.
  6. Economic Impact: While child labor may provide short-term economic benefits for families, it hampers long-term economic development by limiting the potential of a skilled and educated workforce.

Efforts to address child labour involve a combination of legislation, education, and economic support to families, aiming to break the cycle of poverty and provide children with a chance for a better future.